Motor vehicle collisions are one of the most common ways that people suffered traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). Contact sports and falls are other leading causes.
While every TBI is unique, the impact they have on people can be easier to predict. Regardless of the symptoms, TBIs frequently affect someone’s ability to keep a job. They can require expensive medical care and even in-home nursing care or life support systems in extreme cases.
Understanding how a TBI occurs in a car crash can help you build a case for compensation after you were a loved one suffer a brain injury in a wreck.
Blunt force trauma
The most obvious way that a car crash could hurt someone’s brain is through blunt force trauma. A driver could hit their forehead on the steering wheel or the side window. A passenger could strike the dashboard, the windshield or even the headrest of the seat in front of them. Those thrown from a vehicle could strike their head and suffer possibly fatal brain injuries.
While they aren’t as common as movies and television shows would have you believe, explosions can happen at the scene of a car crash. Leaking fuel can be a risk factor, as can certain specialized vehicle systems or even component or design defects. The percussive force of an explosion could easily cause brain trauma, which is one reason why many military veterans have TBIs.
Aggressive and violent motion
For some people, the only real motion in a car crash will be an abrupt stop because they rear-ended another vehicle. However, car crashes can sometimes send vehicles spinning or cause them to flip over. Violent shaking and rocking can force your brain to smash into the sides of your skull, resulting in bleeding and swelling that could cause permanent damage.
Even though the design of glass used in vehicle windows and windshields aims to protect its integrity in a car crash, pieces of glass and metal can still wind up flying through the air after a collision.
Even if someone doesn’t strike their head in a car crash, what happens during the collision could still damage their brain. Understanding traumatic brain injuries and their causes can help you take the appropriate legal action after a crash.